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Net Promoter Score – Simple, But Powerful

In today’s highly competitive business environment, understanding customer and employee satisfaction is crucial to the success. One very popular method of measuring satisfaction is through the use of the Net Promoter Score (NPS), a metric that has become increasingly utilized since its inception in 2003. In this post, I will discuss the history, methodology, and effectiveness of the Net Promoter Score, as well as how companies can use it to keep their finger on the pulse of their clients and employees.


The Net Promoter Score was introduced by Fred Reichheld, a partner at Bain & Company, in an article published in the Harvard Business Review in 2003. The idea behind the NPS was to provide a simple, yet effective way of measuring customer loyalty and satisfaction. Reichheld believed that by asking a single question, “How likely is it that you would recommend our company/product/service to a friend or colleague?” on a scale of 0-10, companies could identify their most loyal customers and improve their overall customer satisfaction.


The NPS is calculated by subtracting the percentage of detractors (customers who respond with a score of 0-6) from the percentage of promoters (customers who respond with a score of 9-10). The resulting score ranges from -100 to +100, with a higher score indicating a higher level of customer loyalty and satisfaction.


Reichheld found that the results from this one simple question was actually more predictive of future growth than longer, more complex surveys.  It has been shown to be effective in predicting customer behavior, such as whether a customer will make a repeat purchase, refer friends and family, or leave a negative review. The simplicity of the NPS also makes it easy for companies to repeat the survey and to track changes in customer satisfaction over time and make improvements accordingly. Additionally, because the NPS is based on a single question, response rates tend to be higher than with longer, more detailed surveys.

Not Just For Customers:

In addition to measuring customer loyalty and satisfaction, companies can also use the NPS to gauge employee satisfaction and loyalty. By asking employees the same question, companies can identify areas for improvement and take steps to improve employee satisfaction, which can in turn improve customer satisfaction. In this way, the NPS can be used as a tool to keep a finger on the pulse of both clients and employees.

The NPS has become an indispensable tool for companies looking to consistently measure customer and employee loyalty and satisfaction levels. In today’s highly competitive environments, you really cannot afford not to stay very close to what your customers and employees are thinking.

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